Your skin is an organ. It is seamless and protects your internal organs just like a fine cloth protects valuables.
Think about a piece of silk and how just one small tear can make all the difference in its appearance. Skin is the same. Any type of injury such as a burn or a scratch can cause a scar.
Of course, if your scar is tiny or well-concealed, it is not such a big deal. However, if it is in a conspicuous place, you may want to try and get rid of the scar. Truthfully, a scar will never go away completely, however there are some things you can do to improve its appearance.
When your skin in injured, scarring is how it naturally heals itself. How the scar heals and its final appearance depends upon several factors. Types Of Scars Scars come in several different types. They vary depending upon the type of injury and your own skin type.
- Keloid Scars – a keloid scar forms when your skin heals too quickly or too aggressively. These types of scars will typically be longer or bigger than the original injury.
- If a keloid scar gets too big, it may begin to actually hamper movement. There are treatments to improve keloid scars, including steroid injections, surgery removing the scar tissue, and silicone sheets which can help flatten the scar.
- If the keloid scar is smaller, it may be successfully treated with liquid nitrogen which freezes part of the scar and improves the appearance. If you have a tendency to form keloid scars, you can help prevent this by using silicone gel pads or pressure treatment on an injured area. People with dark skins tend to form keloid scars.
- Contracture scars – When your injury is a result of burns, you may form a contracture scar. This type of scar tightens the skin and may impair your mobility. This type of scar also goes deeper into the skin and can impact your nerves and muscles.
- Hypertrophic scars – This type of scar is raised and usually red in color. They appear similar to keloid scars, but do no extend beyond the edges of the original injury. Treatments for hypertrophic scars include silicone sheets to flatten it or steroid injections to help reduce inflammation.
- Acne scars – If you experienced severe acne, you may have scars on your face. These are different acne scars. These range from scars which are wavelike or angular to deep pits in the face. The treatment options for acne scars differ depending upon what type of acne scar you have.
Treatments for Scars
There are several different types of treatment for scars. Which treatment is most effective will depend upon the type of scar and what type of skin you have.
- Surgery to Remove or Treat a Scar – If you have a deeper scar, it may take surgery to successfully treat it. There are several surgical options, including dermabrasion, skin grafts, laser surgery, and skin grafts. With a skin graft, skin from other areas on your body is used to treat burn scars.
- If your scars are impairing your ability to function, it may take surgery to improve the condition and improve any functional issues. If you have a scar from recent surgery, you should wait a year until deciding upon scar treatment. There are many types of scars which will become less noticeable over time with fading.
- Prescription or Over-The-Counter prescriptions, gels, or ointments – These types of products treat scars which result from wounds, cuts or other injuries. If your scars are a result of cosmetic surgery, your surgeon can provide you recommendations on over-the-counter treatments, if they are an option. If over-the-counter medications or treatments will not work, your physician may prescribe medication.
- These prescription treatments typically include steroids or some types of antihistamine creams which can help with the itching from healing scars. If you have scarring as a result of severe acne, talk with your dermatologist. They may recommend your acne scars be treated with silicone sheets of gel or with pressure treatment.
- Injections – If your scars are thick or heavy such as hypertrophic or keloid scars, your physician may use injections to treat them. These injections are usually steroid, although there are other types of injections which can help treat scars including collagen and other fillers. These treatments can help improve the appearance of scars, but are usually not permanent solutions.
The proper treatment for scars depends upon the type of scar and your skin type. While scars will never completely disappear, treatment can help improve their appearance.